What is autism?

June 19, 2023 / Blog, Psychiatry

On World Autism Day….

What is autism?

Autism is a developmental disability caused by differences in the brain. People with autism often have problems communicating and interacting with people and are often repetitive in their behaviour. They may also have different ways of learning, moving or paying attention.

The Greek word ”autós” means self and the word “autism” was first used by Psychologist, Bleuler to mean morbid self-admiration and withdrawal within self.

What is autism

Autism Spectrum:
The word ‘spectrum’ refers autism is highly variable. It is experienced differently by different people.

However, people with ASD are categorized based on their functional levels and requirement of support into:

Three early signs of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in young children:

  • Delay in or lack of joint attention
  • Delays & differences in non-verbal communication and spoken language
  • Regression in developmental milestones & skills

What to watch for? “CHECKLIST” for parents

  • Avoids or does not keep eye contact
  • Does not respond to name by 9 months of age
  • Does not show facial expressions by 9 months of age
  • Does not play simple interactive games like pat-a-cake by 12 months of age
  • Uses few or no gestures by 12 months of age
  • Does not share interests with others by 15 months of age
  • Does not point to show you something interesting by 18 months of age
  • Does not notice when others are hurt or upset by 24 months of age
  • Does not notice other children and join them in play by 36 months of age
  • Does not pretend play during play by 48 months of age
  • Does not sing, dance, or act for you by 60 months of age

Who can help?

Is your kid autistic? Then, you should know this:

  • People with autism can live a full life
  • People with autism can have any level of intelligence
  • Autism is not caused by bad parenting
  • People with autism may have other learning disabilities or psychological conditions

At Ramaiah Memorial Hospital we have a special clinic for children with special needs. Paediatric Rehabilitation Intervention & Development (PRIDE). The clinic seeks to ensure comprehensive care for children with neurodevelopmental and behavioural disorders multidisciplinary team of professionals from diverse backgrounds under one roof.

PRIDE clinic has the best specialists and therapists in its team, ensuring appropriate care and cure for children with developmental and behavioural issues, all under one roof. It helps avoid travel from one doctor to another amidst traffic and busy schedules, which can be stressful for both the child and parents.

The PRIDE clinic is open every Friday between 2 pm and 4 pm.

Dr. Kirti Joshi
Department of Physiotherapy

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